The Lab, the Temple, and the Market

Reflections at the Intersection of Science, Religion, and Development

Edited by Sharon M.P. Harper

International Development Research Centre, 2000

Contents

Foreword Pierre Beemans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii

Preface Sharon Harper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix

Introduction Farzam Arbab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

chapter 1

The Principle of Fundamental OnenessPromilla Kapur . . . . . . . . . 7

The context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Hinduism: the backdrop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Self, society, and development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Modern science and the Hindu religion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Devotion, knowledge, and action. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Conclusion: an integrated paradigm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Annex 1: Selected ethical principles of Hinduism-inspired

movements for development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

chapter 2

Solidarity with the Poor Gregory Baum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

A Roman Catholic idea of development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

The World Bank’s new interest in religion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

The subjective dimension of social-science research . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

Annex 1: Excerpts from papal encyclicals and statements by

the World Synod of Bishops concerning development . . . . . . . . 82

chapter 3

Rediscovering the Resources of Religion Azizan Baharuddin. . . 105

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Science. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

Religion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

Islam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Conclusion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

Annex 1: Islamic scholars and organizations involved

in science, religion, and development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

chapter 4

Promoting a Discourse on Science,

Religion, and DevelopmentFarzam Arbab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

On personal experience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

Faith and reason . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Spiritual principles and the role of knowledge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

Capacity-building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210

afterword

Our Way of Proceeding William Ryan, S.J. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239

appendix 1

Contributing Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247

appendix 2

Acronyms and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251

lab,temple,market.pdf

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