La conscience – L’inconscient

Entry 40


Professeur Baudelet nous a envoyé quelques documents intéressants sur la Conscience et l’inconscient et nos choix. Je retiens surtout un élément dans une étude faite par Ap Dijksterhuis, on making the right choice : the deliberation-without-attention effect : unconscious thinkers make better decision than conscious thinkers or immediate choosers when choosing complex items, such as buying an appartment.

In a recent experiment, participants read information about four apartments of different desirability (20). They were either asked to choose their favorite immediately, or given the opportunity to choose after a period of conscious thought, or distracted for some time before they chose. In the third of these conditions, participants could only engage in unconscious deliberation: They knew they would have to choose later, but the distraction task prevented them from devoting conscious attention to the choice. Interestingly, unconscious thinkers made better decisions than conscious thinkers or than immediate choosers.

Il me semble que cette étude peut montrer qu’il soit pertinent après avoir été informé sur un objet à acheter (ici c’était un appartement), de laisser passer un moment inconscient avant de faire un choix conscient.

Dans le même article, une note est a relevée :

24. Unconscious thought is reminiscent of implicit learning, but there is an important difference. Implicit learning refers to aspects of a task that are learned while working on the task (and that are inaccessible to consciousness). Unconscious thought refers to thought processes that take place after the encoding of relevant information. A good example of this definition of unconscious thought is the groundbreaking work by Stickgold and colleagues on learning during sleep.

Dès que j’ai lu les mots apprentissage et sommeil, j’étais éveillé et voici un article qui confirme

Research confirms the virtues of ‘sleeping on it’ Recent studies show that both slow-wave and REM sleep are important for consolidating learning and memory–and perhaps even for solving intractable problems.

Souvent, dans mes recherches, lors de rencontres d’éléments nouveaux pour moi, je m’oriente vers les écrits bahá’ís, afin d’apprendre plus sur le sujet. Ici, il s’agit de voir ce qu’on considère être l’inconscient et ce qui tourne autour de l’inconscient. Voici quelques éléments trouvés à titre d’information :

Without this intervention from the world of God, human nature remains the captive of instinct, as well as of unconscious assumptions and patterns of behavior that have been culturally determined: (Baha’i International Community, 1992 May 29, Statement on Baha’u’llah, p. 10).

By nature is meant those inherent properties and necessary relations derived from the realities of things. And these realities of things, though in the utmost diversity, are yet intimately connected one with the other. For these diverse realities an all-unifying agency is needed that shall link them all one to the other. For instance, the various organs and members, the parts and elements, that constitute the body of man, though at variance, are yet all connected one with the other by that all-unifying agency known as the human soul, that causeth them to function in perfect harmony and with absolute regularity, thus making the continuation of life possible. The human body, however, is utterly unconscious of that all-unifying agency, and yet acteth with regularity and dischargeth its functions according to its will. (Abdu’l-Baha, Baha’i World Faith – Abdu’l-Baha Section, p. 340).

One of the strangest things witnessed is that the materialists of today are proud of their natural instincts and bondage. They state that nothing is entitled to belief and acceptance except that which is sensible or tangible. By their own statements they are captives of nature, unconscious of the spiritual world, uninformed of the divine Kingdom and unaware of heavenly bestowals. If this be a virtue the animal has attained it to a superlative degree, for the animal is absolutely ignorant of the realm of spirit and out of touch with the inner world of conscious realization. The animal would agree with the materialist in denying the existence of that which transcends the senses. If we admit that being limited to the plane of the senses is a virtue the animal is indeed more virtuous than man, for it is entirely bereft of that which lies beyond, absolutely oblivious of the kingdom of God and its traces whereas God has deposited within the human creature an illimitable power by which he can rule the world of nature. (Abdu’l-Baha, Baha’i World Faith – Abdu’l-Baha Section, p. 235).

In the matrix of the mother the unborn child was deprived and unconscious of the world of material existence but after its birth it beheld the wonders and beauties of a new realm of life and being. (Abdu’l-Baha, Foundations of World Unity, p. 59).

This flower may be unconscious of such a being as man, but the fact of its ignorance does not prevent the existence of humanity. (Abdu’l-Baha, Paris Talks, p. 92).

Then know thou verily all the souls are created according to the nature of God and all are in the state of (unconscious) purity at the time of the births. But afterward they differ from one another insofar as they acquire excellencies or defects. (Abdu’l-Baha, Tablets of Abdu’l-Baha v2, p. 453).

This world resembles the human body and the Kingdom of God is like the spirit of life. Think how narrow and dark the material world of man is, how afflicted with disease and maladies; but how bright and spacious is His Spiritual World! Through this illustration thou mayest comprehend in what manner is the Spiritual World portrayed in this earthly world and in what degree is its power effected. Though the Spirit is concealed, its power is manifested and clear in the phenomenal world; and so with the Kingdom of God, though it is veiled from the eyes of ignorant people, to men of perception it is discernible and evident. Therefore, thou must become entirely heavenly that thou mayest forget the earthly conditions and be immersed in the perception of Divinity to such a degree that thou wilt be unconscious of the surrounding material existence. (Abdu’l-Baha, Tablets of Abdu’l-Baha v2, p. 482).

In the matrix of the mother the unborn child was deprived and unconscious of the world of material existence, but after its birth it beheld the wonders and beauties of a new realm of life and being. (Abdu’l-Baha, The Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 288).

Sans m’avoir intéressé au sujet du conscient et de l’inconscient, il me semble avoir au moins deux sortes de l’inconscient : celui ou simplement je ne suis pas conscient, ou j’ignore l’existence et celui ou à un moment donné j’ai pris conscience et puis l’élément acquis d’une manière conscient est rentré dans mon inconscience.

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